Researchers from the University of Virginia School of Medicine and Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences for a Shake project that will be carried out until now the longest clinical trials in the fight against diabetes, aided by the National Institute of Health (NIH) with the cash amount you of 12.7 million.
Diabetes, as it is known, is one of the most common chronic diseases. In diabetes, the immune system attacks and destroys the beta cells of the pancreas that produce insulin, so it produces very little (or no) insulin needed to regulate blood sugar. Therefore, they must constantly measure the levels of blood sugar and, if necessary, to import insulin through special pumps or injections. If they do not then there is a risk of hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar) and many other complications.
The artificial pancreas which researchers have created a replica of the real body, it is about the automated system for the delivery of insulin designed to mimic regulatory functions in his delivery which have strong personalities. The system consists of a pump, monitor the level of glucose in the blood which is placed under the patient’s skin, and software advanced algorithm in the form of application for smartphone that the device will signal how much insulin pump and released into the body, depending several variables, such as physical activity, sleep, stress level, type and amount of eaten food as well as metabolism.
The system will be tested on 240 patients in different locations in the US and Europe, and tests will be carried out twice in 6 months, of which the second “tour” tested 180 patients who successfully completed the first study.