The solution of the decades-old dilemma: Are giant panda bears or raccoons?

Scientists long have not been able to classify with certainty that the giant panda in a certain family because they have characteristics and bears and raccoons. However, analysis of their genetic characteristics give the final answer.

For decades ruled the rights of confusion when it comes to the allocation of a certain taxonomic categories of giant pandas. Scientists classify living beings in these categories to make it easier to group the knowledge of the living world on Earth based on their common characteristics. However, not everything can be easily grouped, a giant panda is one of the best examples of that.

It is known that the giant panda mammals because they have hair and feed on their mother’s milk, and to belong to the carnivores because they have teeth and are close to this line – even though 99 percent of their diet makes bamboo. In the wild, sometimes eat other plants and even meat birds and rodents, but in captivity is reported to have eaten honey, eggs, fish, oranges, bananas …

What connects them and what divides?

Because of the unusual nature of giant pandas, has long been the experts disagreed that they belong to one family of bears (Ursidae) and raccoons (Procyonidae) because they have characteristics of both.

Look at the first meeting of the three pandas with her mother after five months of separation (VIDEO)

Proponents of the theory that the giant panda raccoon emphasized the similarity of their skulls and teeth, physical characteristics (especially around the eyes).

On the other hand, those who believe that this animal belongs to the bears reminding that the giant panda has a body shape similar to Medvedev, as well as being a similar size to this animal. Also, there are similar fur and distinctive way of climbing.

Scientists long have not been able to classify with certainty that the giant panda in a certain family because they have characteristics and bears and raccoons. However, analysis of their genetic characteristics give the final answer.

giant panda

The answer

To solve this dilemma, scientists have conducted a genetic study of cells of giant pandas and compared them with the findings of the research cell of red pandas, bear eclipse American, South American bear glasses and sun bear from Malaysia.

Experts samples were subjected to three molecular tests to establish the gene structure, and the conclusion was clear: the giant panda and the bears are most similar.

According to the LA Times, the family Procyonidae, they belong to raccoons, probably stood out separated from the bear about 30 to 50 million Mr. Giant pandas have made it about 15 to 25 million years ago, but, according to the findings of molecular tests, should be considered a subset of the bear family. Also, scientists have concluded that, of all the bear, giant panda bear most similar glasses, who lives on the soil of South America.

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